TopChiller Hydraulic Oil Chiller Manufacturer and Supplier China
- Cooling capacity ranges from 1.75kW to 35kW
- Temperature control ranges 10°C to 50°C
- Energy-efficient top branded compressor
- Air-Cooled, fin & tube type branded condenser
- Brazed Plate energy efficient Heat Exchanger
- High-pressure pump for oil & glycol solution
- Open-loop with media tank & low noise level
- Indoor and outdoor installation with protection
Your Reliable Hydraulic Oil Chiller Manufacturer and Supplier in China over 20 Years
Hydraulic Oil Chiller is a cooling device that is used to execute the chilling effect in oil used in hydraulic machines or lubricating oils processing.
For over the last twenty years, TopChiller is working with a superb credential of manufacturing Hydraulic Oil Chiller in China.
TopChiller has earned a reputation on a world map by designing a reliable and standardized full line of Hydraulic Oil Chiller models for all World markets since 1991.
Compressor, heat exchanger, evaporator, expansion valves, oil pump, water pump, glycol solution, cooling fan, relief valve, sight glass, filter block indicator, digital thermostat, expansion valve, temperature controller, and protecting devices are basic constituents of Hydraulic Oil Chiller.
There is a large number of applications of Hydraulic Oil Chiller for oil processing units as:
Broaching machines, milling machines, water jet pumps, MRI machines, CNC lathe, CNC wire cutting, woodworking machine, semiconductors processing, EDM, PDB, laser machines, PET scanners, vapor degreaser, etc.
If you are considering buying a high-quality and reliable Hydraulic Oil Chiller for your application?
If you are sourcing for a reliable manufacturer of Hydraulic Oil Chiller, providing technical solutions to the customers?
Make contact with TopChiller collaborative and expert personnel to get a customized Hydraulic Oil Chiller with full technical assistance and solution.
Our team will guide and satisfied our customers without taking much time by customizing the required needs of the client at a reasonable price.
Features and Advantages
- Hydraulic machinery is installed with hydraulic oil that gets heated during processing. Hydraulic Oil Chiller protects the machine from damage by absorbing extra heat from oil by direct contact with oil for heat transfer at the heat exchanger.
- The tube-type air-cooled condenser has a high cooling capacity to bear the excess amount of heat coming from heated oil and preventing from refrigerant leakage configured by tight oxygen level.
- Hydraulic Oil Chiller configured with simple, rugged design with less number of moving parts ensuring efficient, durable performance of unit with a lower cost of maintenance.
- TopChiller brand Hydraulic Oil Chiller can install both indoor and outdoor. An air-cooled Hydraulic Oil Chiller can install outside with corrosion protection and a water-cooled Hydraulic Oil Chiller can install inside supporting small applications.
Hydraulic Oil Chiller Technical Specifications
|Power source||1PH~220V/3PH~220V/380V 50HZ/60HZ||3PH～380V/415V/480V～50HZ/60HZ(3PH～200V/220V 50HZ/60HZ)|
|Control||Capillary / thermostatic expansion valve|
|Compressor||Type||Hermetic Rotary||Hermetic scroll ( piston )|
|Condenser||Type||Efficient finned copper tube with aluminum+low noise external rotor fan|
|Air flow (m³/h)||750||1000||1500||2000||2500||3000||4000||5000||6000||8000||10000||12000||15000||20000||25000||30000|
|Evaporator||Type||SS Tank coil / shell and tube type / Plate type heat exchanger|
| Chilled water|
|Oil pump||Power (kw)||0.37||0.37||0.37||0.37||0.37||0.37||0.37||0.75||0.75||0.75||1.5||1.5||2.2||2.2||2.2||4|
|Max flow (m3)||5.4||5.4||5.4||5.4||5.4||5.4||5.4||8.1||8.1||8.1||13.5||13.5||25.2||25.2||25.2||36|
|Safety protection||Compressor inner protection, over current protection, high/low pressure protection, over temperature protection, flow rate protection, phase sequence/phase missing protection, low level coolant protection, anti freezing protection, exhaust overheat protection|
The above specifications are according to the following design conditions:
1, 20℃/15℃.inlet/outlet coolant oil temperature 20℃/15℃.
2, 33℃/38℃.Cooling air inlet/outlet temperature 33℃/38℃.
We reserve the right to modify the specification without further notice.
Hydraulic Oil Chiller Configuration Table
|>Oil pressure gauge (high low)||HONGSEN||TAIWAN|
|>Dryer filter||EMERSON /ALCO||USA|
TopChiller Free Service and Technical Support
As the professional chiller manufacturer over 20 years, TopChiller is always happy to provide our free service and technical support accessible to our clients before,during and after sales. If you need any help, welcome to call us or send your inquiry to our email. These free service and technical support including；
- Listening to your detailed chiller requirements and give your best chiller solution for your applications based on our rich experience.
- If you have no idea about how to size your chiller model or cooling capacity, it’s no a big issue, Just tell us your specific cooling demands, we will guide you to select the right economical chiller model.
- 7*24 online service,If you have any problem about chiller,you may call us or send email, we are always here to support you.
TopChiller Standard Warranty Time
After purchasing TopChiller product, you are our valued customers in TopChiller ERP system.
We will do regular tracking service and Your chiller having up to 24 months warranty time after installation and commissioning,
If your chiller is down, you can contact TopChiller for support to solve your problem..Once we received your message,Our service technician on duty will contact you as soon as possible.
TopChiller Start-up & Commissioning
TopChiller also provides the additional service of start-up or commissioning of your chiller.You’d better prior to scheduling your start-up, it is important that the proper installation procedures have been followed and the chiller is ready.
TopChiller technician will guide you how to start-up your chiller when your chiller is ready, besides this we have full sets of paper works including: Chiller installation manual, operation manual, electrical drawing for you.
Free Replacement Spare Parts
Providing free replacement spare parts for TopChiller,is the best customer service in the industry to support you when you are sourcing replacement parts.
We have most parts are in stock and available for next day shipment for your chillers.
If you want have some replacement spare parts,just provide us your chiller serial number and model number to expedite the sourcing process.
Better to have the nameplate and pictures of your chiller for our reference. This will help us find the proper replacements at earliest time.
6 Points Why TopChiller Is Your Best Hydraulic Oil Chiller Manufacturer and Supplier in China?
Hydraulic Oil Chiller-An Ultimate Buying Guide by TopChiller.
When comes to cooling down the temperature of hydraulic oil for industrial use, Hydraulic Oil Chiller is a system that will assist you in this task.
Hydraulic Oil Chiller is perfectly designed to cool down different types of hydraulic oils and to maintain the oil temperature .
This guide will help you know more about Hydraulic Oil Chiller.
Let us get started.
- What is Hydraulic Oil Chiller?
- What are the Features of Hydraulic Oil Chiller?
- What are the Components of Hydraulic Oil Chiller?
- What is the Working Principle of Hydraulic Oil Chiller?
- What are the Benefits of Using Hydraulic Oil Chiller for your Application?
- What are the Industrial Applications of your Hydraulic Oil Chiller?
- How to Install Hydraulic Oil Chiller?
- How do you choose the Right Size of Hydraulic Oil Chiller for your Application?
- How to Maintain your Hydraulic Oil Chiller?
- How Do You Increase the Efficiency of the Cooling Method of your Hydraulic Oil Chiller?
- Which Place is Suitable for Installing your Hydraulic Oil Chiller?
- Which Factors cause Overheating Inside your Hydraulic Oil Chiller?
- FAQ of Hydraulic Oil Chiller
What is Hydraulic Oil Chiller?
A Hydraulic Oil Chiller is also known as an oil cooler, is an oil process chiller that operates in the cooling of the hydraulic oil, lubricating oil, and oil cooling for your machine devices and equipment.
It is not the same as a water chiller also famous by the name of an oil cooler or oil cooling chiller. Hydraulic Oil Chiller is uniquely planned, structured, and made for oil cooling purposes.
This is the type of chiller that operates efficiently and effectively to cool down the hydraulic oil temperature. It is utilized to keep the precise oil temperature in the power packs.
Hydraulic Oil Chiller is used in the hydraulic systems of CNC machine tools or equipment and is also utilized for high-speed presses and hydraulic powered special purpose machines and hydraulic equipment.
What are the Features of Hydraulic Oil Chiller?
One of the main considerations that you should give close consideration to be the safety of the Hydraulic Oil Chiller.
Here are some of the features of it.
- Automatic Sensors inside Hydraulic Oil Chiller
Hydraulic Oil Chiller has programmed sensors that will identify any type of abnormality and will show cautioning or warning signs.
Aside from that, these programmed sensors can likewise identify significant issues with the machine and afterward shut them down automatically.
- Alarm Signals
You can likewise rely upon the alert signs which will caution or warn you of any due safety confusion.
- Proper Housing
Hydraulic Oil Chiller additionally has generally excellent housing or covers that will protect you from getting to the sensitive parts.
Hydraulic Oil Chiller has amazing heat protection properties that will protect you from getting burnt or harm on the skin.
Oil Chiller has superior reliability, high energy efficiency which shows that it consumes and utilizes energy very efficiently and effectively.
Long equipment life and variable frequency choice accessibility are offered in Hydraulic Oil Chiller and have clean energy and smart management techniques and several ways for energy-saving equipment as well.
It has a simple interface with BMS through conventions and it has an environmentally friendly refrigerant. Furthermore, Oil Chiller profoundly solid design with the best class cop.
Edges of Hydraulic Oil Chiller are furnished and a smart chip-based regulator and it operates effectively, even in case of power failure.
The body of the Oil Chiller is comprised of galvanized steel. Additionally, it has powder-coated or Polyurethane paint and it also operates as an Anti-freeze safety and water flow switch.
It also has fully secured regulators for equipment and compressor and it is 100% practically tried before launching in the market for the service.
It’s equipment’s expanded warranty, the choice is accessible for up to 05 years.
Also, has a first-class energy-saving, and it makes a low noise, which results in less pollution.
Moreover, the high-accuracy temperature control of Hydraulic Oil Chiller assists in operating efficiently and effectively.
It also assists in easy monitoring of the operating status of the machine, it has higher durability for long-distance transportation and it also offers a cooling capacity range up to 1.75 kW to 35 kW.
The Hydraulic Oil Chiller condenser is air-cooled, the evaporator is a brazed plate heat mover, and it offers a power supply up to 1PH/3PH, 220V/415V, AC, 50/60 HZ.In addition to that, has a preventive maintenance feature.
A warning or danger signal appears to inform that maintenance is needed when the air filter or condenser gets dirty and obstructed due to the dust.
If by any chance the thermistor of the Hydraulic Oil Chiller fails, emergency activity is conceivable by choosing another activity mode. This feature reduces the factors of line stoppages.
Hydraulic Oil Chiller has an auto-tuning feature. This feature considerably cuts the time taken to change during trial activity by automatically setting the addition.
It happens when oil temperature control is not steady in the factory setting status or when improvement is required.
What are the Components of Hydraulic Oil Chiller?
There are numerous components of a Hydraulic Oil Chiller that assist you to operate more efficiently and effectively.
- Oil Reservoir
Hydraulic Oil Chiller has supplied or reservoirs that will store the oil that is answerable for the cooling activities.
- Cooling Fan
You will rely upon the cooling fan to give the cooling air that pushes out the heat from the Hydraulic Oil Chiller system.
There are various sizes and designs of the cooling fans that you can browse depending upon your Oil Chiller.
- Relief Valve
It has a relief valve that will assist in delivering the pressure from your Oil Chiller system. It will likewise assist in controlling the quantity of oil, water, or air that goes through the valve.
- Oil Level Sight Glass
You will utilize the oil level sight glass to check the level of the oil in your Hydraulic Oil Chiller.
It will assist you with deciding the time frame when you should refill or replace the oil.
- Filter Block Indicator
This is a marker that will advise you regarding a blockage in the filtration arrangement of your Hydraulic Oil Chiller.
You will realize that it is the perfect opportunity for you to change the filters or clean the filters together.
It will pack the refrigerant to expand the pressure and speed. You can check the various kinds of compressors like centrifugal, scroll, and screw compressors for your Hydraulic Oil Chiller.
The evaporator will assist in disposing or pushing out the heat from the Hydraulic Oil Chiller. It will likewise change the fluid status of the refrigerants to a gas state taking care of it with the heat.
It also has a perfect antifreeze property that will avoid the fluids in your Hydraulic Oil Chiller from freezing.
Hydraulic Oil Chiller has condensers that will absorb the heat from the refrigerant utilizing cool air or water.
It will also assist in consolidating the refrigerant from a gas state to a fluid state after removing the heat.
- Expansion Valve
You will utilize the development valve to decrease the pressure of the refrigerant to reasonable levels for the compressor.
- Digital Thermostat
You will utilize the advanced indoor regulator to control or change the on and off cooling of your Hydraulic Oil Chiller.
It additionally has a keypad lock that will lock the Hydraulic Oil Chiller from expected control in case of an issue.
What is the Working Principle of Hydraulic Oil Chiller?
Hydraulic Oil Chiller will operate in the following manner.
Compression Process of Hydraulic Oil Chiller
You will pass the refrigerant through the compressor of the Hydraulic Oil Chiller which will pack or compress the refrigerant.
It will compress the refrigerant in a manner that will expand the pressure and speed of the refrigerants as it flows.
It will flow effectively to the evaporator with exceptionally high velocity or speed and pressure.
Here, the refrigerant will get the heat from the Hydraulic Oil Chiller and will change its state from liquid fluid to gas fluid.
After that, your Hydraulic Oil Chiller will maintain the pressure and speed with the heat inside and flow to the condenser.
It will leave the flowing water inside in the same manner in the evaporator tubes in a chilled way to flow and gather more heat.
Heat Removing from Hydraulic Oil Chiller
The refrigerant will go to the condenser unit where the air or water will dispose of the heat from your Hydraulic Oil Chiller.
It will follow inside the condenser for some time until the air or water removes all the heat from your Hydraulic Oil Chiller. You will likewise understand that it will change its state from the gaseous state to the liquid state.
Finally, the fluid refrigerant will go through the expansion valve which will decrease the pressure inside your Hydraulic Oil Chiller.
The extension will feed the compressor with the refrigerant fluid as the entire interaction proceeds inside it.
What are the Benefits of Using Hydraulic Oil Chiller for your Application?
There are numerous benefits of using your Hydraulic Oil Chiller for different applications.
Firstly, Oil Chiller can avoid accuracy from being affected by the change of oil temperature when the equipment is operating.
Secondly, your Hydraulic Oil Chiller avoids the deterioration of the oil quality due to high temperature. It also keeps the speed of oil unchanged, so that the equipment can continue to operate stably.
Thirdly, it is equipped with an automatic alarm feature.
It helps by reminding you to repair it in a particular way in time, to prevent immediate damage or harm to the parts of your Hydraulic Oil Chiller.
Moreover, temperature management is based on the temperature of the cooling equipment (that is, the indoor temperature).
You can set the oil temperature according to the rated temperature of the equipment to avoid the thermal deformation of the mechanical structure.
Furthermore, it is characterized by simple cleaning, easy maintenance, easy and affordable installation, and does not occupy much space.
Additionally, your Hydraulic Oil Chiller is highly efficient that you can use to remove almost 100% of the heat from the oil.
You can easily remove a great quantity of heat from the oil within a very short period due to the high levels of working efficiency.it is also an energy-efficient consumer.
Hydraulic Oil Chiller is energy efficient as it burns very less amount energy to cool the oil.
You can easily save a lot of money by reducing energy-consuming costs that you could invest in other various projects within your industrial applications.
You can easily utilize and operate the Oil Chiller with minimum difficulty, especially with the support of the human-machine interface.
It is offered with a touch screen and automatic control systems that allow you to operate it easily. Hydraulic Oil Chiller has a high durability level. You will also utilize it for a very long time since it is highly durable with very solid materials.
The materials are weatherproof and will not stain or corrode if you take care of your Hydraulic Oil Chiller well.
What are the Industrial Applications of your Hydraulic Oil Chiller?
Hydraulic Oil Chiller can be used in various industrial applications. Here are some of the applications where you can use it.
Oil Chiller can be used in the chemical and pharmaceutical industry and it can also be utilized in the laser technology industry.
Secondly, it can be used in the welding engineering industry. Thirdly, injection molding machines also use Oil Chiller.
Moreover, it can be used in plastics processing and it can also be used in factory furnaces. Hydraulic Oil Chiller can be utilized for blowing mold machines.
Additionally, aeronautical testing facilities also utilize it and it can also be used in defense laboratory testing facilities too.
Furthermore, it is also used in dye and pigment manufacturing and it can be utilized in plasma spray machines, induction hardening machines, and foundries.
How to Install Hydraulic Oil Chiller?
Installation of Oil Chiller is stress-free and it should be done by a professional. Installation on yourself without appropriate knowledge can cause damage and suitable fitting may not be achieved in the end.
In case you are installing your Hydraulic Oil Chiller by yourself, the following instruction is important to be followed.
After buying it, you must carry out regular installation, to utilize it well.
The following are the Installation steps of the Hydraulic Oil Chiller:
- Firstly, the Handling of the Hydraulic Oil Chiller.
When transporting it, must be avoided from being damaged by other things and inverted to keep the original of the Hydraulic Oil Chiller as much as possible.
- Secondly, the Environment of the Installation.
The Oil Chiller must be installed in a relatively ventilated place in the house and assure that the surrounding environment is not wet.
And at the same time, assure that the gap between the inlet and outlet of the Oil Chiller and other objects or walls is greater than one meter.
Of course, you must highlight there must be a specific amount of space for future maintenance of your Hydraulic Oil Chiller as well.
The availability of dangerous gases such as inflammable and explosive gases is not allowed around your Hydraulic Oil Chiller, and high-heat objects are prohibited as well.
The exact position of the installation is decided according to the actual situation.
The structure of the installation position must be able to hold the weight of the Hydraulic Oil Chiller and the force transmitted during normal operation.
- Thirdly, the Oil Pipe for Hydraulic Oil Chiller.
When piping or connecting the oil circuit, it must be carried out according to a specific pressure range to assure the rationalization of the pipeline.
The size of the pipe is decided according to the model of the Hydraulic Oil Chiller, the pipe needs to be dry, ash less, clean, no oil, and so on.
The number of joints used for piping should be as tiny as possible to decrease the resistance caused to the oil circuit.
When it is not needed, do not utilize the valve in the pipeline, because even if the valve is fully opened, the pipeline cannot prevent the loss of relatively large pressure.
The length of the pipe is decided according to certain attributes, the length of the oil path should be minimized, usually should not be more than five meters.
The connection between the pipes and Oil Chiller should be firm and sealed, and the joints should be closed with tape to avoid leakage of air and oil.
To increase the heat exchange efficiency of the Hydraulic Oil Chiller, the life of the Hydraulic Oil Chiller is effectively extended, and a filter capable of pulling oil should be installed at the oil pipe.
- Furthermore, the Installation of the Oil Tank.
To fully merge the high and low oil temperatures, careful steps must be given to the size of the fuel tank and the separation inside the fuel tank.
To avoid air from mixing into the oil passage, the oil outlet of the fuel tank must be lower than the surface of the liquid.
Additionally, the wiring of the power supply for the Hydraulic Oil Chiller. The power supply and circuit controller features are strictly in sequence with the need of the manual.
The power cord must be managed according to the standard of electrical principle.
The air switching should be managed independently.
How do you choose the Right Size of Hydraulic Oil Chiller for your Application?
You will choose the right size of the Hydraulic Oil Chiller according to the type of industrial applications.
You have to consider the industrial application requirements to size the Hydraulic Oil Chiller. Apart from that, you should consider using the size calculator to get the right size.
Oil Chiller size must be a little bigger than the size of the industrial application cooling requirements.
Other factors that should be considered for choosing the right size of your Hydraulic Oil Chiller are the quantity of heat and desired oil temperature. You must highlight the amount of heat that you intend to remove from it.
The higher the amount of heat the bigger the type of Hydraulic Oil Chiller you will need.
In addition to that, you must also look at the oil temperature that you demand in your applications.
You will look at certain factors such as the oil temperatures that you desire to know the temperature range.
How to Maintain your Hydraulic Oil Chiller?
Numerous steps must be followed to maintain your Hydraulic Oil Chiller.
- Proper Inspection
You need to do proper checking of the Hydraulic Oil Chiller daily and check which parts need maintenance.
With this data, you can plan on the right feature that you will have to maintain when the right time comes.
- Lubrication of Moving Parts
You will also implement enough lubricants on the moving parts of the Hydraulic Oil Chiller to decrease the damage.
You should maintain the lubrication procedure daily or have an automated lubrication system or your Hydraulic Oil Chiller.
- Filling the Reservoirs
You must also fill the oil and water reservoirs daily to maintain an accurate level of the fluids.
Properly filled reservoirs will assure that the machine does not lack enough fluid to assist in the cooling process.
- Cleaning the System
It is also very important to clean the entire system of the Hydraulic Oil Chiller to get rid of debris and mold.
The cleaning procedure also includes disinfecting the fluids to avoid the growth of mold within the fluid passages.
- Replacement of Parts
You must replace the worn-out parts daily to maintain the good working properties of your Oil Chiller.
How Do You Increase the Efficiency of the Cooling Method of your Hydraulic Oil Chiller?
You can increase the working efficiency of your Hydraulic Oil Chiller by optimizing all the relevant aspects of the operation.
Following are the factors that should be considered to increase the efficiency of your Hydraulic Oil Chiller.
Optimize the Control System
You have to optimize the control system on the Hydraulic Oil Chiller by assuring that all factors are according to the right features.
This will result in a rise in the working efficiency of it thus performing effectively to cool your equipment.
Cleaning the Hydraulic Oil Chiller Regularly
You should also maintain a very high level of cleanliness within the Hydraulic Oil Chiller to increase cooling efficiency.
Frequent cleaning will assist in avoiding impurities that might block the pathways.
Repair and Replacement of Parts
You should also repair the parts of the Hydraulic Oil Chiller that are damaged or replace them with new parts altogether.
You can check such issues with the machine through a troubleshooting system and frequent machine inspection.
Which Place is Suitable for Installing your Hydraulic Oil Chiller?
You can install your Hydraulic Oil Chiller next to the application that you need to cool down.
The near the Oil Chiller is to the equipment, the higher the cooling efficiency will be.
In addition to that, you can install it in a mechanical room within the industrial plan.
In some cases, you can simply install it on the outside of the industrial plan because it has components that are solid enough to hold the weather elements.
Apart from that, you should install your Hydraulic Oil Chiller outside to assist in noise reduction as well as to have accurate access to air.
Which Factors cause Overheating Inside your Hydraulic Oil Chiller?
The main factors that result in overheating in the Hydraulic Oil Chiller create inefficiencies in the operation. The inefficiencies usually result in the loss of input power which usually converts to heat energy.
This often contributes to the high heat systems within the Hydraulic Oil Chiller.
In addition to that, friction between the moving parts without proper lubrication also contributes to overheating inside it.
High-temperature operations within the Hydraulic Oil Chiller can lead to certain issues on the machine. Here are some of the issues that you might experience when you use your Oil Chiller.
- Degradation of Oil
An increase in temperatures within Hydraulic Oil Chiller will result in a rise in the rate of degradation.
- Reduction of Oil Viscosity
As the temperature of oil within the Oil Chiller raises the viscosity of the oil also decreases significantly.
As the temperature of oil increases, the viscosity of oil decreases and it becomes thinner. This low-thick oil causes internal leakage in Hydraulic Oil Chiller and seals.
This will result in frequent breakdowns and working efficiency losses of the Hydraulic Oil Chiller System. At high temperatures, oil degrades quicker in it and so, it has to be replaced immediately.
FAQ of Hydraulic Oil Chiller.
At what temperature does Oil Chiller operate?
Hydraulic Oil Chiller assists by working in an ambient temperature range up to +10 to + 50C.
What is the Capacity of Hydraulic Oil Chiller?
Hydraulic Oil Chiller capacity is between 5KW to 62KW
What kind of material is used to protect Hydraulic Oil Chiller in different weather conditions?
The material used in Hydraulic Oil Chiller is weatherproof.
How can we check the repairing parts issues in the Oil Chiller System?
These issues can be checked in the machine through a troubleshooting system and frequent machine inspection on regular basis.
How much power supply does Hydraulic Oil Chiller offers?
Hydraulic Oil Chiller offers power supply up to 1PH/3PH, 220V/415V, AC, 50/60 HZ.
What kind of sensor does a Hydraulic Oil Chiller have?
Hydraulic Oil Chiller has programmed sensors that will identify any type of error and will show warning signs.
According to a percentage, how much heat can be removed by Hydraulic Oil Chiller?
Hydraulic Oil Chiller is a highly efficient machine that can be utilized to remove almost 100% of the heat from the oil.
What is the cost of a Hydraulic Oil Chiller?
The Hydraulic Oil cost is different due to different sizes and types. It also depends on the quality the higher the quality the higher the cost. It is between 1500 to 70,000USD.